Using aesthetic surgical principles, plastic surgery is performed to restore a natural appearance and to correct physical defects. Reconstructive plastic surgery corrects functional impairments caused by trauma, birth defects, infection, and fractures.
What is done in plastic surgery?
Plastic surgery can also correct deformities of the body and face. Examples of procedures include breast augmentation, chin reshaping, and mole removal. It may also involve injections of hyaluronic soft-tissue fillers.
Aesthetic plastic surgery involves precise alignment of tissue planes and delicate handling of tissue. The goal is to minimize disruption to the blood vessels.
The most common type of cosmetic surgery is facial reconstruction. These procedures can involve skin grafts and other transplanted materials. Flap surgeries are also used in these cases, in which a piece of skin is removed and then reconnected to the new site of the defect.
Flap surgeries can be used to reduce the time for healing and speed up recovery. A surgeon can use a tissue expander to make the skin grow. The skin can be grown from cultured epithelial cells in vitro or from the patient’s own tissue.
Flap surgeries can be used for larger, more complex wounds, such as those that involve exposed vital structures. These types of wounds require flaps, transposed or transplanted tissue, and special skills.
Reconstructive plastic surgery addresses functional impairments caused by trauma, burns, and infection. It can also correct deformities of the face, including cleft lips and palates.
Aesthetic plastic surgery is often done in the doctor’s office. It can involve injections of botulinum toxin or hyaluronic soft-tissues fillers. It may also involve liposuction.